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VAN'S RV-14

VAN'S RV-14The RV-14 is the newest airplane from Vans Aircraft, Inc. It continues and improves on the legacy of the most successful side-by-side two-seat kit aircraft in history: Vans RV-6, RV-7, RV-9 and RV-12.

But the RV-14 is different

Probably the first thing youll notice is that the RV-14 sits tall. The upright seating position and large bubble canopy provide superb visibility in all directions. The large cabin (as wide as many four-seat airplanes) is truly roomy. Lots of headroom, lots leg room, lots of room between the seats. Big people will like this airplane!

Introducing the RV-14

The tipforward canopy (the only canopy possible on the RV-14 fuselage) uses a new hinge arrangement that allows it to open wide for entry and loading baggage. It also allows complete access to the back of the instrument panel and avionics connections. It is possible to stand on the ground next to the airplane and reach everything in back of the instrument panel.

Speaking of avionics, the RV-14 will include a standard wiring harness that handles the usual electric basics: lights, fuel pump, flaps, trim, etc. Our prototype uses a Dynon Skyview system, but the standard RV-14 wiring harness will provide convenient plug-and-play expansion capability for several popular EFIS systems. A blank panel for those who want to develop their own panel from scratch is also envisioned.

The relatively long wing uses the proprietary airfoil thats proved so successful on the RV-10. The wing is constant-chord and constant thickness, so its easy to build and completely predictable in flight. Big slotted flaps keep landing speeds low. Leading edge fuel tanks can be removed without taking the wing off the airplane. Ailerons are controlled by rigid pushrods moving on bearings and bushings a very low friction system that helps provide the control feel for which RVs have become famous. Leading edges and wingtips have provisions for landing, position and strobe lights.

Up front, a 210 hp Lycoming IO-390 lives under the graceful cowl and supplies plenty of power! A Vans 4-into-1 exhaustsystem keeps exhaust noise relatively low, especially in the cabin.

RV-14 structure is typical of all RVs and most production aircraft, for that matter. It is a monocoque aluminum airframe held together with rivets. This method has been the standard in aircraft construction for almost seventy years. It is very difficult to beat the combination of light weight, structural integrity, simplicity and affordability that aluminum provides.

Occupant protection is an important concern. A massive rollover bar spans the cockpit just behind the seats. Seats, belts and harnesses are designed to keep pilots and passengers safely restrained

The main landing gear is extremely simple, consisting of tapered steel leaf springs with a wheel on one end and the airplane on the other. There are no oleos, bungee cords or shock absorbers. The nosewheel rides on a robust steel strut. A tailwheel version of the RV-14 is under development.

The RV-14 cabin accommodates full-sized adults in fact, the basic idea was to provide RV-10 room and comfort in a two-seat airplane. The results are impressive. Both seats will hold people at least 64 tall and providethem with truly comfortable leg and headroom.

The thing that has always made RVs stand out, from the original RV-1 to the RV-14, is the way they feel in flight. The famous RV Grin can be found on any pilot who has just taxied up in one...the result of a flight in a truly responsive, agile airplane that goes exactly where you want it to almost as if it read your thoughts directly. The RV-14 continues this tradition. It responds almost instantly to the pilots touch, but that response is predictable, proportional, and precise. It handles basic aerobatic maneuvers easily and gracefully. The structure meets the aerobatic category standards of +6/-3Gs when flown at the aerobatic gross weight of 1900 lbs.

RVs are known for short-field capability and the RV-14 is no exception. The generous wing area and big slotted flaps allow the RV-14 to land at virtually any small airport. It is perfectly happy on grass, dirt or gravel runways. If you can land closer to your destination, you can gain a lot of time over faster airplanes that must use big paved airports a long way from town. Even at gross weight, the RV-14 can operate from very short runways and climb well at high density altitudes.

When many pilots say performance, they really mean speed. By most standards the RV-14 is quite a fast airplane, but speed is only part of the story.

The RV-14 derives its high cruise speed from a light, clean and fairly small airframe, instead of from a big, consumptive engine. This means not only will it cruise at relatively high speeds, but cruise at lower speeds can be very economical. Company pilots often choose to cruise at 50-55% power and take advantage of the economy available there. At 175 mph, the RV-14 is getting better miles-per-gallon than most of the luxury cars and SUVs it is flying over.

We expect that the RV-14 will really come into its own as a sport touring airplane. The power and the wing will take a fully loaded RV-14 to cruising altitudes that easily clear any terrain on the continent. The wide cabin and large instrument panel give the occupants lots of room and lots of information. With a full fuel load of 50 US gallons, theres 510 lbs left over for people and baggage in other words, two 200 lb people can take fiftyfive pounds of baggage each! Better yet, you wont have to leave your pocketknife or shampoo at home...

Pilot workload is very low, because the airplane responds quickly and positively to small control inputs. It is not the least bit twitchy and does not require constant attention to maintain heading or altitude. Cruising at 70% power and 190 mph, it can cover about 1400 nautical miles in eight flying hours with just one stop for fuel. At economy cruise, it can do thousand mile legs if you can! A long trip in the RV-14 can be positively relaxing.

BUILDING IT

The RV-14 kit has the full benefit of the RV kits that have gone before. It comes into the world ready to set new standards in completeness and accuracy.

Introducing the RV-14We expect that with these improvements, builders will complete RV-14s in significantly less time than the other driven-rivet RVs. All the aluminum components are formed and pre-punched for all the rivet and bolt holes. The matched-hole punching technology makes the airframe essentially self-jigging: when all the holes line up, the airframe must be straight.

As with all other RV kits, all welding is complete. Wing spars come fully assembled and ready to install. The canopy has been the focus of considerable design effort. It should install with much less effort than any previous RV. Fully designed wiring, avionics and engine installation packages will be available that reduce the time spent on those traditionally very time-consuming tasks dramatically.

A QuickBuild (QB) will become available after Standard Kits are released. For either kit, youll need a shop about the size of a two-car garage, an air compressor, bench grinder and a set of aircraft hand tools like rivet guns, dimple dies, etc.

RV14A Specifications

Exterior Dimensions
Span 27 ft.
Length 21 ft. 1 in
Height 8 ft. 2 in
Wing Area 126.1 sq.ft.
Weights
Empty Weight 1240 lbs.
Gross Weight 2050 lbs.
Loadings
Wing Loading -Gross 16.25
Power Loading - Gross 9.76
Powerplant/Systems
Engine 210 hp
Propeller [in prototype] Hartzell c/s
Fuel Capacity 50 US gal
Other
Baggage 100 lbs.

RV14A Performance

Solo Weight 1700 lbs.Gross Weight 2050lbs. 210 hp
Speeds and ranges in statute mph (sm)
Empty weight and performance measured with Hartzell 2 Blade C/S prop
Speed - Light Weight
Top Speed 205 mph
Cruise [75% @ 8000 ft] 195 mph
Cruise [55% @ 8000 ft] 172 mph
Stall Speed 56 mph
Speed - Gross Weight
Top Speed 203 mph
Cruise [75% @ 8000 ft] 193 mph
Cruise [55% @ 8000 ft] 169 mph
Stall Speed 56 mph
Ground Performance - Light Weight
Takeoff Distance 525 ft.
Landing Distance 545 ft.
Ground Performance - Gross Weight
Takeoff Distance 630 ft.
Landing Distance 715 ft.
Climb/Ceiling - Light Weight
Rate of Climb 1800 ft/min
Ceiling 26000 ft.
Climb/Ceiling - Gross Weight
Rate of Climb 1500 ft/min
Ceiling 18000+ ft.
Range - Light Weight
Range [75% @ 8000 ft] 938 sm
Range [55% @ 8000 ft] 1103 sm
Range - Gross Weight
Range [75% @ 8000 ft] 925 sm
Range [55% @ 8000 ft] 1080 sm